Finds the optimal mtry and nodesize tuning parameter for a random forest using out-of-bag (OOB) error. Applies to all families.

tune(formula, data,
  mtryStart = ncol(data) / 2,
  nodesizeTry = c(1:9, seq(10, 100, by = 5)), ntreeTry = 100,
  sampsize = function(x){min(x * .632, max(150, x ^ (3/4)))},
  nsplit = 1, stepFactor = 1.25, improve = 1e-3, strikeout = 3, maxIter = 25,
  trace = FALSE, doBest = FALSE, ...)

tune.nodesize(formula, data,
  nodesizeTry = c(1:9, seq(10, 150, by = 5)), ntreeTry = 100,
  sampsize = function(x){min(x * .632, max(150, x ^ (4/5)))},
  nsplit = 1, trace = TRUE, ...)

Arguments

formula

A symbolic description of the model to be fit.

data

Data frame containing the y-outcome and x-variables.

mtryStart

Starting value of mtry.

nodesizeTry

Values of nodesize optimized over.

ntreeTry

Number of trees used for the tuning step.

sampsize

Function specifying requested size of subsampled data. Can also be passed in as a number.

nsplit

Number of random splits used for splitting.

stepFactor

At each iteration, mtry is inflated (or deflated) by this value.

improve

The (relative) improvement in OOB error must be by this much for the search to continue.

strikeout

The search is discontinued when the relative improvement in OOB error is negative. However strikeout allows for some tolerance in this. If a negative improvement is noted a total of strikeout times, the search is stopped. Increase this value only if you want an exhaustive search.

maxIter

The maximum number of iterations allowed for each mtry bisection search.

trace

Print the progress of the search?

doBest

Return a forest fit with the optimal mtry and nodesize parameters?

...

Further options to be passed to rfsrc.fast.

Details

tune returns a matrix whose first and second columns contain the nodesize and mtry values searched and whose third column is the corresponding OOB error. Uses standardized OOB error and in the case of multivariate forests it is the averaged standardized OOB error over the outcomes and for competing risks it is the averaged standardized OOB error over the event types.

If doBest=TRUE, also returns a forest object fit using the optimal mtry and nodesize values.

All calculations (including the final optimized forest) are based on the fast forest interface rfsrc.fast which utilizes subsampling. However, while this yields a fast optimization strategy, such a solution can only be considered approximate. Users may wish to tweak various options to improve accuracy. Increasing the default sampsize will definitely help. Increasing ntreeTry (which is set to 100 for speed) may also help. It is also useful to look at contour plots of the OOB error as a function of mtry and nodesize (see example below) to identify regions of the parameter space where error rate is small.

tune.nodesize returns the optimal nodesize where optimization is over nodesize only.

Author

Hemant Ishwaran and Udaya B. Kogalur

See also

Examples

# \donttest{
## ------------------------------------------------------------
## White wine classification example
## ------------------------------------------------------------

## load the data
data(wine, package = "randomForestSRC")
wine$quality <- factor(wine$quality)

## default tuning call
o <- tune(quality ~ ., wine, doBest = TRUE)

## here is the optimized forest 
print(o$rf)

## visualize the nodesize/mtry OOB surface
if (library("interp", logical.return = TRUE)) {

  ## nice little wrapper for plotting results
  plot.tune <- function(o, linear = TRUE) {
    x <- o$results[,1]
    y <- o$results[,2]
    z <- o$results[,3]
    so <- interp(x=x, y=y, z=z, linear = linear)
    idx <- which.min(z)
    x0 <- x[idx]
    y0 <- y[idx]
    filled.contour(x = so$x,
                   y = so$y,
                   z = so$z,
                   xlim = range(so$x, finite = TRUE) + c(-2, 2),
                   ylim = range(so$y, finite = TRUE) + c(-2, 2),
                   color.palette =
                     colorRampPalette(c("yellow", "red")),
                   xlab = "nodesize",
                   ylab = "mtry",
                   main = "error rate for nodesize and mtry",
                   key.title = title(main = "OOB error", cex.main = 1),
                   plot.axes = {axis(1);axis(2);points(x0,y0,pch="x",cex=1,font=2);
                                points(x,y,pch=16,cex=.25)})
  }

  ## plot the surface
  plot.tune(o)

}

## ------------------------------------------------------------
## tuning for class imbalanced data problem
## - see imbalanced function for details
## - use rfq and perf.type = "gmean" 
## ------------------------------------------------------------

data(breast, package = "randomForestSRC")
breast <- na.omit(breast)
o <- tune(status ~ ., data = breast, rfq = TRUE, perf.type = "gmean")
print(o)


## ------------------------------------------------------------
## tune nodesize for competing risk - wihs data 
## ------------------------------------------------------------

data(wihs, package = "randomForestSRC")
plot(tune.nodesize(Surv(time, status) ~ ., wihs, trace = TRUE)$err)

# }